DEALING WITH WORKPLACE HAZARDOUS SPILLS
It is important to note that the spill of hazardous materials and chemicals can just happen anywhere. It is always a good thing to train your staff on how to handle chemical and material spills even when the risk of it actually spilling is minimal. OSHA defines five levels of training in the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response regulation.
First Responder Awareness
This level involves everyone who enters a facility including personal who don’t usually deal with chemicals including office personal. The staff in this level only need four hours of training as they are taught the most basic issues regarding handling chemicals. The employees are taught how to identify an emergency and who to contact. Basically, the employees are taught how to detect emergency and who to get in touch with quickly.
Training for those responders involved in operation.
the first responder of operations is responsible for keeping unauthorized people away from the spills as well as preventing it from spreading. This level of training requires eight hours for it to be complete. The terms referring to hazardeous materials are defined and explained as well as the procedure of carrying out risk assessment. The employees are also taught simple ways of containing a spill as well as various types of personal protective equipments.
Third level training for technicians handling hazardous materials.
At this level, the staff to be trained are those that actually get into the spill area and stop the spill from spreading. The amount of hours required to train this staff also increases in that it is 24 hours. In this level of training, the techniques for assessing risk are taught further deeper as well as chemical and toxicological hazards. The staff are also taught how to use various survey instruments in order to identify leaking containers, spill control techniques as well as decontamination procedures.
the fourth level of training specialist in hazardous
This level trains the experts on how to handle hazardous materials in the site and how to communicate it with the federal state or government. This training takes 24 hours just like that of the technicians but it is more indepth when it comes to discussing the various types of hazardous material. This training delves further to discussing the various decontamination procedures and which is appropriate and for which situation as well as how to perform the procedures not forgetting the various personal protective equipment for various situation.
This individuals are in charge of all the cleanups that happen after a spill and as a result the receive the highest level of training. The amount of hours needed for training varies from facility to facility but they are required at least 24 hours of class training. This is because they need to have this information at their finger tips as they are required to come up with emergency response plans. Incident commander is also required to be an expert in medical risks and decontamination.